Water area

The City of Edinburgh Council logo

(under construction)

What do we mean by a water area?

Water in your school grounds can take many forms. It can be as small as a puddle, a trickle of water, buckets or water troughs, to sluices or ponds. All have their benefits for learning and development and can also enhance other play activities such as sand and mud play.

There are many benefits of having access to water for children’s learning and development. The photos show a natural pond which has frozen over and the other shows a trickling stream in spring time. Learning about the effects of weather and the seasons on the world around us are an important part of growing up and being able to see and touch and experience these will nurture links with our natural world.

Some of our schools have created safe and supervised ponds in their school grounds and as you would expect, there are health and safety precautions to consider if you want to introduce a pond.

Considerations for safety

  • We advise that ponds in our school grounds should be no deeper than 450mm and should be fenced to a minimum height of 1200mm with a lockable gate.
  • Only supervised access should be allowed
  • The supervisor should have line of sight to the water from all around the pond, this will need to be maintained as plants start to grow and may block line of sight.
  • Pond-dipping platforms and boardwalks should be fenced at all sides to a minimum height of 1200mm
  • all surfaces should be slip resistant, you can add a metal mesh to the decking where you will walk to prevent slipping.
  • Any timber decking or boardwalks around the pond should be treated appropriately and checked regularly for rot.

The image shown here of the boardwalk at Figgate Park is an excellent example.

Figgate Park, Edinburgh. A wooden boardwalk goes over a lake surrounded by trees


The pond must be fenced off and must be a minimum of one meter high with a lockable gate. The edges of the pond must be clearly visible. There must be appropriate warning signs visible to clearly indicate the presence of a pond.

Other alternatives? 

What if I don’t have the space, budget or inclination to add a pond to my playground but still want the benefits of learning with water?


Details of how to create a water area and more examples to come.